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NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Vincenzo Galasso

Università Bocconi-IGIER
Milano, Italy

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Institutional Affiliation: Università Bocconi

NBER Working Papers and Publications

June 2020Gender Differences in COVID-19 Related Attitudes and Behavior: Evidence from a Panel Survey in Eight OECD Countries
with Vincent Pons, Paola Profeta, Michael Becher, Sylvain Brouard, Martial Foucault: w27359
Using original data from two waves of a survey conducted in March and April 2020 in eight OECD countries (N = 21,649), we show that women are more likely to see COVID-19 as a very serious health problem, to agree with restraining public policy measures adopted in response to it, and to comply with them. Gender differences in attitudes and behavior are substantial in all countries, robust to controlling for a large set of sociodemographic, employment, psychological, and behavioral factors, and only partially mitigated for individuals who cohabit or have direct exposure to COVID-19. The results are not driven by differential social desirability bias. They carry important implications for the spread of the pandemic and may contribute to explain gender differences in vulnerability to it.
February 2010The Euro and Structural Reforms
with Alberto Alesina, Silvia Ardagna
in Europe and the Euro, Alberto Alesina and Francesco Giavazzi, editors
November 2008The Euro and Structural Reforms
with Alberto Alesina, Silvia Ardagna: w14479
This paper investigates whether or not the adoption of the Euro has facilitated the introduction of structural reforms, defined as deregulation in the product markets and liberalization and deregulation in the labor markets. After reviewing the theoretical arguments that may link the adoption of the Euro and structural reforms, we investigate the empirical evidence. We find that the adoption of the Euro has been associated with an acceleration of the pace of structural reforms in the product market. The adoption of the Euro does not seem to have accelerated labor market reforms in the "primary labor market;" however, the run up to the Euro adoption seems to have been accompanied by wage moderation. We also investigate issues concerning the sequencing of goods and labor market reforms.

Published: Alberto Alesina & Silvia Ardagna & Vincenzo Galasso, 2011. "The Euro and Structural Reforms," Review of Economics and Institutions, Università di Perugia, Dipartimento Economia, Finanza e Statistica, vol. 2(1). citation courtesy of

 
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