NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Stefanie Kleimeier

Maastricht University
School of Business and Economics
Open Universiteit
Faculty of Management, Science & Technology
and University of Stellenbosch Business School

E-Mail: s.kleimeier@maastrichtuniversity.nl

NBER Working Papers and Publications

October 2018Exporting Pollution
with Itzhak Ben-David, Michael Viehs: w25063
Despite awareness of the detrimental impact of CO2 pollution on the world climate, countries vary widely in how they design and enforce environmental laws. Using novel micro data about firms’ CO2 emissions across countries, we document that firms headquartered in countries with strict environmental policies perform their polluting activities abroad in countries with relatively weaker policies. These effects are stronger for firms in pollution-intensive industries and firms with poor corporate governance characteristics. Although firms with domestic strict environmental policies are more likely to export pollution to foreign countries, they nevertheless emit less overall CO2 globally.
 
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