Justin D. Smith
Department of Economics
Wilfrid Laurier University
P3090, 75 University Ave. W.
Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
Institutional Affiliation: U.S. Census Bureau
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|November 2011||Diversity and Donations: The Effect of Religious and Ethnic Diversity on Charitable Giving|
with James Andreoni, Abigail Payne, David Karp: w17618
We explore the effects of local ethnic and religious diversity on individual donations to private charities. Using 10-year neighborhood-level panels derived from personal tax records in Canada, we find that diversity has a detrimental effect on charitable donations. A 10 percentage point increase in ethnic diversity reduces donations by 14%, and a 10 percentage point increase in religious diversity reduces donations by 10%. The ethnic diversity effect is driven by a within-group disposition among non-minorities, and is most evident in high income, but low education areas. The religious diversity effect is driven by a within-group disposition among Catholics, and is concentrated in high income and high education areas. Despite these large effects on amount donated, we find no evidence ...
Published: James Andreoni & A. Abigail Payne & Justin Smith & David Karp, 2016. "Diversity and donations: The effect of religious and ethnic diversity on charitable giving," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, . citation courtesy of
|May 2011||The Long-Run Impacts of Early Childhood Education: Evidence From a Failed Policy Experiment|
with Philip DeCicca: w17085
We investigate short and long-term effects of early childhood education using variation created by a unique policy experiment in British Columbia, Canada. Our findings imply starting Kindergarten one year late substantially reduces the probability of repeating the third grade, and meaningfully increases in tenth grade math and reading scores. Effects are highest for low income students and males. Estimates suggest that entering kindergarten early may have a detrimental effect on future outcomes.
Published: DeCicca, Philip & Smith, Justin, 2013. "The long-run impacts of early childhood education: Evidence from a failed policy experiment," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 41-59. citation courtesy of