NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Sharat Ganapati

Georgetown University
Edward B. Bunn, S.J. Intercultural Center
37th and O Streets, NW
Washington, DC 20057

E-Mail: EmailAddress: hidden: you can email any NBER-related person as first underscore last at nber dot org
Institutional Affiliation: Georgetown University

NBER Working Papers and Publications

May 2016Energy Cost Pass-Through in U.S. Manufacturing: Estimates and Implications for Carbon Taxes
with Joseph S. Shapiro, Reed Walker: w22281
We study how changes in energy input costs for U.S. manufacturers affect the relative welfare of manufacturing producers and consumers (i.e., incidence). We also develop a methodology to estimate the incidence of input taxes which accounts for incomplete pass-through, imperfect competition, and substitution amongst inputs. For the several industries we study, 70 percent of energy price-driven changes in input costs get passed through to consumers in the short- to medium-run. The share of the welfare cost that consumers bear is 25-75 percent smaller (and the share producers bear is larger) than models featuring complete pass-through and perfect competition would suggest.
 
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