Stockholm School of Economics SITE
SE 113 83
Institutional Affiliation: Stockholm School of Economics SITE
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|February 2019||Intergenerational Mobility in Africa|
with Alberto Alesina, Stelios Michalopoulos, Elias Papaioannou: w25534
We examine intergenerational mobility (IM) in educational attainment in Africa since independence, using census data from 26 countries. First, we map and characterize the geography of IM. There is substantial variation both across and within countries with differences in literacy of the old generation being the strongest correlate of IM. Inertia is stronger for rural, as compared to urban, households and present for both boys and girls. Second, we explore the correlates of mobility across more than 2,800 regions. Colonial investments in the transportation network and missionary activity are associated with upward mobility. IM is also higher in regions close to the coast and national capitals as well as in rugged areas without malaria. Upward mobility is higher and downward mobility is lowe...