Freie Universitaet Berlin
Institutional Affiliation: Freie Universitaet Berlin
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|February 1999||Green Tax Reform and Competitiveness|
with Erkki Koskela, : w6922
This paper develops a model of a small open economy that produces an export good with domestic labour and imported energy and is stuck in an unemployment situation resulting from an excessive fixed net-of-tax wage rate. We study a revenue-neutral green tax reform that substitutes energy for wage taxes. A moderate green tax reform will boost employment, improve welfare, and increase the economy's competitiveness. The driving force behind these results is the technological substitution process that a green tax reform will bring about by inducing the producers to substitute labour for energy as factors of production. The resulting reduction in unemployment is welfare increasing since energy, which the country has to buy at its true national opportunity cost, is replaced with labour, whose...
Published: Erkki Koskela & Hans-Werner Sinn & Ronnie Schöb, 2001. "Green Tax Reform and Competitiveness," German Economic Review, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 2(1), pages 19-30, 02. citation courtesy of