The World Bank
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Institutional Affiliation: The World Bank
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|December 2004||Why Should We Care About Child Labor? The Education, Labor Market, and Health Consequences of Child Labor|
with , : w10980
Although there is an extensive literature on the determinants of child labor and many initiatives aimed at combating it, there is limited evidence on the consequences of child labor on socio-economic outcomes such as education, wages, and health. We evaluate the causal effect of child labor participation on these outcomes using panel data from Vietnam and an instrumental variables strategy. Five years subsequent to the child labor experience, we find significant negative impacts on school participation and educational attainment, but also find substantially higher earnings for those (young) adults who worked as children. We find no significant effects on health. Over a longer horizon, we estimate that from age 30 onward the forgone earnings attributable to lost schooling exceed any earning...
Published: Kathleen Beegle & Rajeev Dehejia & Roberta Gatti, 2009. "Why Should We Care About Child Labor?: The Education, Labor Market, and Health Consequences of Child Labor," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 44(4). citation courtesy of
|November 2003||Child Labor, Crop Shocks, and Credit Constraints|
with , : w10088
This paper examines the relationship between household income shocks and child labor. In particular, we investigate the extent to which transitory income shocks lead to increases in child labor and whether household access to credit mitigates the effects of these shocks. Using panel data from a survey in Tanzania, we find that both relationships are significant. Our results suggest that credit constraints play a role in explaining child labor and consequently that child labor is inefficient, but we also discuss alternative interpretations.
Published: Beegle, Kathleen, Rajeev Dehejia, and Roberta Gatti. “Child Labor, Crop Shocks, and Credit Constraints.” Journal of Development Economics 81 (September 2006): 80-96.
|June 2002||Child Labor: The Role of Income Variability and Access to Credit Across Countries|
with : w9018
This paper examines the relationship between child labor and access to credit at a cross-country level. Even though this link is theoretically central to child labor, so far there has been little work done to assess its importance empirically. We measure child labor as a country aggregate, and credit constraints are proxied by the extent of financial development. These two variables display a strong negative relationship, which we show is robust to selection on observables (by controlling for a wide range of variables such as GDP per capita, urbanization, initial child labor, schooling, fertility, legal institutions, inequality, and openness, and by allowing for a nonparametric functional form), and to selection on unobservables (by allowing for fixed effects). We find that the magnitude o...
Published: Dehejia, Rajeev H. and Roberta Gatti. "Child Labor: The Role Of Financial Development And Income Variability Across Countries," Economic Development and Cultural Change, 2005, v53(4,Jul), 913-932.