Institute of Social Science Surveys, Peking Univer
Institutional Affiliation: Institute of Social Science Surveys Peking University
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|May 2018||Cognition and SES Relationships Among the Mid-Aged and Elderly: A Comparison of China and Indonesia|
with John Strauss, Firman Witoelar, Xinxin Chen, Yaohui Zhao, Bondan Sikoki, Yafeng Wang: w24583
In this paper, we use a measure of fluid intelligence, an adaptive number series test, to measure that part of cognition for respondents in two developing countries: China and Indonesia, both with very low educated elderly populations. This test was specially adapted by us and our collaborators from measures used in the United States to better fit such populations. We also use a measure of episodic memory and one measuring mental state intactness and examine their distributions and then the socio-economic gradients associated with each, concentrating on gender differences and how those change as SES and variables measuring community development are added.
We find large variation in our cognition measures in both countries, even among those 60 and over with no schooling. We explore the ...