Petra E. Todd

Department of Economics
University of Pennsylvania
3718 Locust Walk
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Tel: 215/898-4084
Fax: 215/573-2057

E-Mail: EmailAddress: hidden: you can email any NBER-related person as first underscore last at nber dot org
NBER Program Affiliations: DEV , ED , LS
NBER Affiliation: Research Associate
Institutional Affiliation: University of Pennsylvania

NBER Working Papers and Publications

July 2009A Note on Adapting Propensity Score Matching and Selection Models to Choice Based Samples
with James J. Heckman: w15179

Published: James J. Heckman & Petra E. Todd, 2009. "A note on adapting propensity score matching and selection models to choice based samples," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 12(s1), pages S230-S234, 01. citation courtesy of

February 2008Earnings Functions and Rates of Return
with James J. Heckman, Lance J. Lochner: w13780

Published: James J. Heckman & Lance J. Lochner & Petra E. Todd, 2008. "Earnings Functions and Rates of Return," Journal of Human Capital, University of Chicago Press, vol. 2(1), pages 1-31. citation courtesy of

August 2006The Chilean Pension Reform Turns 25: Lessons From the Social Protection Survey
with Alberto Arenas de Mesa, David Bravo, Jere R. Behrman, Olivia S. Mitchell: w12401

Published: Kay, Stephen and Tapen Sinha (eds.) Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas. Oxford: OUP, 2008.

August 2005Earnings Functions, Rates of Return and Treatment Effects: The Mincer Equation and Beyond
with James J. Heckman, Lance J. Lochner: w11544

Published: Heckman, James J. & Lochner, Lance J. & Todd, Petra E., 2006. "Earnings Functions, Rates of Return and Treatment Effects: The Mincer Equation and Beyond," Handbook of the Economics of Education, Elsevier.

December 2004Using Hit Rate Tests to Test for Racial Bias in Law Enforcement: Vehicle Searches in Wichita
with Nicola Persico: w10947
May 2003Fifty Years of Mincer Earnings Regressions
with James J. Heckman, Lance J. Lochner: w9732

Published: Hanushek, E. and F. Welch (eds.) Handbook of Education Economics, Vol. 1. The Netherlands: Elsevier, 2006.

December 1999Racial Bias in Motor Vehicle Searches: Theory and Evidence
with John Knowles, Nicola Persico: w7449

Published: Knowles, John, Nicola Persico and Petra Todd. "Racial Bias In Motor Vehicle Searches: Theory And Evidence," Journal of Political Economy, 2001, v109(1,Feb), 203-229. citation courtesy of

May 1999Evaluating the Effect of an Antidiscrimination Law Using a Regression-Discontinuity Design
with Jinyong Hahn, Wilbert Van der Klaauw: w7131
August 1998Characterizing Selection Bias Using Experimental Data
with James Heckman, Hidehiko Ichimura, Jeffrey Smith: w6699

Published: Econometrica, Vol. 66, no. 5 (1999): 1017-1098. citation courtesy of

February 1998Social Action, Private Choice, and Philanthropy: Understanding the Sources of Improvements in Black Schooling in Georgia, 1911-1960
with John Donohue III, James J. Heckman: w6418

Published: Donohue, John J., III, James J. Heckman and Petra E. Todd. "The Schooling Of Southern Blacks: The Roles Of Legal Activism And Private Philanthropy, 1910-1960," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2002, v107(1,Feb), 225-268.

October 1995The Schooling Quality-Earnings Relationship: Using Economic Theory to Interpret Functional Forms Consistent with the Evidence
with James Heckman, Anne Layne-Farrar: w5288
September 1995Does Measured School Quality Really Matter? An Examination of the Earnings-Quality Relationship
with James Heckman, Anne Layne-Farrar: w5274

Published: Burtless, G. (ed.) Does Money Matter? The Effect of School Resources on Student Achievement and Success. Brookings, July 1996.

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