Patrick L. Baude
University of Illinois at Chicago
Institutional Affiliation: University of Illinois at Chicago
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|October 2014||The Evolution of Charter School Quality|
with Marcus Casey, Eric A. Hanushek, Steven G. Rivkin: w20645
Studies of the charter school sector typically focus on head-to-head comparisons of charter and traditional schools at a point in time, but the expansion of parental choice and relaxation of constraints on school operations is unlikely to raise school quality overnight. Rather, the success of the reform depends in large part on whether parental choices induce improvements in the charter sector. We study quality changes among Texas charter schools between 2001 and 2011. Our results suggest that the charter sector was initially characterized by schools whose quality was highly variable and, on average, less effective than traditional public schools. However, exits from the sector, improvement of existing charter schools, and positive selection of charter management organizations that open ad...