Departamento de Economía
Facultad de Ciencias Sociales
Universidad de la República
Montevideo 11200, Uruguay
Institutional Affiliation: Universidad de la República
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|August 2018||Smokers’ Rational Lexicographic Preferences for Cigarette Package Warnings: A Discrete Choice Experiment with Eye Tracking|
with Jeffrey E. Harris, Mariana Gerstenblüth: w24974
We asked 97 cigarette smokers to make a series of 12 binary choices between experimental cigarette packages with varying warnings and background colors. Each smoker had to decide which of the two packages contained cigarettes less risky for his health. We tested whether the smokers, confronted with warnings that were repugnant and threatening to many of them, could still make choices that adhered to the standard axioms of rational choice. We supplemented our observations on smokers’ choices with data on their eye movements. We find that participants universally made choices consistent with a complete, transitive preference ordering. We find little evidence of inconsistent choices violating the weak axiom of revealed preference. In a majority of smokers, we find strong evidence of the use o...
|January 2014||Tobacco Control Campaign in Uruguay: Impact on Smoking Cessation during Pregnancy|
with Jeffrey E. Harris, Ana Inés Balsa: w19878
Background. In 2005, Uruguay instituted a nationwide tobacco control campaign that has resulted in a substantial decline in nationwide smoking rates. We sought to determine the quantitative contributions of each of the major tobacco control measures adopted by the Uruguayan government. We focused sharply on smoking cessation by pregnant women and on the effect of quitting smoking during pregnancy on birth weight.
Data. We analyzed a nationwide registry of all pregnancies in Uruguay during 2007-2012, supplemented by data on cigarette prices and various governmental policies.
Methods. We estimated linear probability models of quitting smoking in the third trimester as well as linear models of the effect of quitting on birth weight. Our explanatory variables included maternal characteristic...
Published: Jeffrey E. Harris & Ana Inés Balsa & Patricia Triunfo, 2015. "Tobacco control campaign in Uruguay: Impact on smoking cessation during pregnancy and birth weight," Journal of Health Economics, vol 42, pages 186-196.