Sanford School of Public Policy
201 Science Dr
Durham, NC 27708
Institutional Affiliation: Duke University
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|June 2020||Disparities in Vulnerability to Severe Complications from COVID-19 in the United States|
with Emily E. Wiemers, Scott Abrahams, V. Joseph Hotz, Robert F. Schoeni, Judith A. Seltzer: w27294
This paper provides the first nationally representative estimates of vulnerability to severe com-plications from COVID-19 overall and across race-ethnicity and socioeconomic status. We use the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) to examine the prevalence of specific health condi-tions associated with complications from COVID-19 and to calculate, for each individual, an index of the risk of severe complications from respiratory infections developed by DeCaprio et al. (2020). We show large disparities across race-ethnicity and socioeconomic status in the prev-alence of conditions which are associated with the risk of severe complications from COVID-19. Moreover, we show that these disparities emerge early in life, prior to age 65, leading to higher vulnerability to such complications. Whil...