University of Oregon
Department of Management
1208 University St.
Eugene, OR 97403
Institutional Affiliation: University of Oregon
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|November 2013||State Science Policy Experiments|
in The Changing Frontier: Rethinking Science and Innovation Policy, Adam B. Jaffe and Benjamin F. Jones, editors
Over the past 30 years, the 50 state governments have experimented with different programs that attempt to leverage academic science to create economic growth. Three broadly diffuse programs are: Eminent Scholars, which attracts scientific talent; Centers of Excellence, which builds research expertise that involves industry; and University Research Grants, which provides funding for research projects. This chapter traces their adoption and estimates the relationship with economic, political and R&D-related conditions for each program. The results indicate that states, in part, use these policy levers to enhance the performance of their R&D capacity workforce and to substitute declines in national trends of extramural funding of research and development. Viewing Eminent Scholars and the Uni...