Korea institute for Curriculum and Evaluation
21-15 Jeongdong-gil Jung-gu
Seoul, 100-784, S. Korea
Institutional Affiliation: Korea Institute for Curriculum and Evaluation
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|December 2014||All or Nothing? The Impact of School and Classroom Gender Composition on Effort and Academic Achievement|
with Soohyung Lee, Lesley J. Turner, Seokjin Woo: w20722
We estimate the causal impact of school and classroom gender composition on achievement. We take advantage of the random assignment of Korean middle school students to single-sex schools, co-educational (coed) schools with single-sex classes, and coed schools with mixed-gender classes. Male students attending single-sex classes within coed schools score 0.10 of a standard deviation below male students in mixed-gender classes, and this achievement gap is entirely accounted for by classroom gender composition. Conversely, male students attending single-sex schools outperform their counterparts in mixed-gender classes by 0.15 of a standard deviation. The significant impact of single-sex schools on male students' achievement are not driven by classroom gender composition, but largely accounted...