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NBER Working Papers and Publications
|September 1987||U.S. and Swedish Direct Investment and Exports|
with Magnus Blomstrom, Robert E. Lipsey: w2390
Overseas production in a country by affiliates of Swedish and U.S. firms rarely appears to displace exports from the two home countries and in most cases either has no effect or tends to increase home country exports. The positive effect on Swedish exports is evident not only with respect to levels of exports to different countries at one time but also with respect to changes in exports over time. The positive effect on U.S. exports can be observed for minority-owned as well as majority-owned foreign operations.
|September 1984||Host-Country Regulation and Other Determinants of Overseas Operations ofU.S. Motor Vehicle and Parts Companies|
with Robert E. Lipsey: w1463
The likelihood that a U.S. auto company will carry out some manufacturing operations in a country is a function mainly of market characteristics such as aggregate and per capita income, but that likelihood is increased by the imposition of local content requirements. The entry of U.S. parts producers into manufacturing in a host country is determined mainly by market size and by the presence of U.S. auto producers and is therefore indirectly promoted by local content rules. The scale of production by individual auto producers does not appear to be increased by a country's imposition of local content requirements and may even be reduced, with the results that inefficiently small operations proliferate. The scale of U.S. parts company production depends on market size and the extent of U.S. ...