U.S. Census Bureau
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Institutional Affiliation: U.S. Census Bureau
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|November 2009||Effect of Employer Access to Criminal History Data on the Labor Market Outcomes of Ex-Offenders and Non-Offenders|
in Studies of Labor Market Intermediation , David H. Autor, editor
|April 2008||Effect of Employer Access to Criminal History Data on the Labor Market Outcomes of Ex-Offenders and Non-Offenders|
Since 1997, states have begun to make criminal history records publicly available over the Internet. This paper exploits this previously unexamined variation to identify the effect of expanded employer access to criminal history data on the labor market outcomes of ex-offenders and non-offenders. Employers express a strong aversion to hiring ex-offenders, but there is likely asymmetric information about criminal records. Wider availability of criminal history records should adversely affect the labor market outcomes of ex-offenders. A model of statistical discrimination also predicts that non-offenders from groups with high rates of criminal offense should have improved labor market outcomes when criminal history records become more accessible. This paper tests these hypotheses with crimin...
|Is Marriage Always Good for Children? Evidence from Families Affected by Incarceration|
with David Neumark: w13928
One-third of children in the United States are born to unmarried parents. A substantial number of black and Hispanic children live with a never-married mother. Children of never-married mothers are more likely to drop out of high school, repeat grades, and have behavioral problems than are children raised in more traditional family structures. But these relationships may be driven by other factors that affect marital status at birth, post-conception marriage decisions, and later child outcomes, rather than causal effects of family structure.
Given that changes in the availability of men in the marriage market should affect marriage decisions, we use incarceration rates for men as an instrumental variable for family structure in estimating the effect of never-married motherhood on the l...
Published: Keith Finlay & David Neumark, 2010.
"Is Marriage Always Good for Children?: Evidence from Families Affected by Incarceration,"
Journal of Human Resources,
University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 45(4), pages 1046-1088.
citation courtesy of