Gilbert C. Liu
Children's Health Services Research
410 W. 10th St.
Institutional Affiliation: Children's Health Services Research Indiana Univer
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|May 2009||Studying the Child Obesity Epidemic With Natural Experiments|
with Robert Sandy, John Ottensmann, Rusty Tchernis, Jeffrey Wilson, O.T. Ford: w14989
We utilize clinical records of successive visits by children to pediatric clinics in Indianapolis to estimate the effects on their body mass of environmental changes near their homes. We compare results for fixed-residence children with those for cross-sectional data. Our environmental factors are fast food restaurants, supermarkets, parks, trails, and violent crimes, and 13 types of recreational amenities derived from the interpretation of annual aerial photographs. We looked for responses to these factors changing within buffers of 0.1, 0.25, 0.5, and 1 mile. We found that cross-sectional estimates are quite different from the Fixed Effects estimates of the impacts of amenities locating near a child. In cross section nearby fast food restaurants were associated with higher BMI and superm...