NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Esther Delesalle

IRES UCLouvain
3 Place Montesquieu
1348 Louvain-la-Neuve
Belgique
Tel: +33674932631

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Institutional Affiliation: IRES UCLouvain

NBER Working Papers and Publications

April 2019The Effect of the Universal Primary Education Program on Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from Tanzania
w25789
The purpose of this article is to study the effect of education on labor market participation and household consumption in a rural environment. The Tanzanian Universal Primary Education (UPE) program, which provides variations in education across locations and over time, is used as a natural experiment. Exploiting these two exogenous variations to instrument education, I find that education increases household consumption, especially in agriculture and in nonfarm self-employment activities. I also provide evidence that education increases the probability of working in agriculture. These results, initially surprising, suggest that returns to education in agriculture are positive, provided that the skills taught at school are suitable for agriculture.
 
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