98-100, Boulevard Konrad Adenauer
Institutional Affiliation: European Investment Bank
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|March 2018||Resource Misallocation in European Firms: The Role of Constraints, Firm Characteristics and Managerial Decisions|
with Yuriy Gorodnichenko, Jan Svejnar, Christoph T. Weiss: w24444
Using a new survey, we document high dispersion of marginal revenue products across firms in the European Union (EU). To interpret this dispersion, we develop a portable framework to quantify gains from better allocation of resources. We demonstrate that apart from direct measures of distortions, firm characteristics, such as demographics, quality of inputs, utilization of resources, and dynamic adjustment of inputs, are predictors of the marginal revenue products of capital and labor. We emphasize that some firm characteristics may reflect compensating differentials rather than constraints and the effect of constraints on the dispersion of marginal products may hence be smaller than has been assumed in the literature. We show that cross-country differences in the dispersion of marginal pr...