Agha A. Akram
New Haven, CT
Institutional Affiliation: Evidence Action
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|October 2017||Effects of Emigration on Rural Labor Markets|
with Shyamal Chowdhury, Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak: w23929
Rural to urban migration is an integral part of the development process, but there is little evidence on how out-migration transforms rural labor markets. Emigration could benefit landless village residents by reducing labor competition, or conversely, reduce productivity if skilled workers leave. We offer to subsidize transport costs for 5792 potential seasonal migrants in Bangladesh, randomly varying saturation of offers across 133 villages. The transport subsidies increase beneficiaries’ income due to better employment opportunities in the city, and also generate the following spillovers: (a) A higher density of offers increases the individual take-up rate, and induces those connected to offered recipients to also migrate. The village emigration rate increases from 35% to 65%. (b) This ...