NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Janna E. Johnson

Hubert H. Humphrey School of Public Affairs
University of Minnesota
301 19th Ave S
Minneapolis, MN 55455

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Institutional Affiliation: University of Minnesota

NBER Working Papers and Publications

December 2017Is Occupational Licensing a Barrier to Interstate Migration?
with Morris M. Kleiner: w24107
Occupational licensure, one of the most significant labor market regulations in the United States, may restrict the interstate movement of workers. We analyze the interstate migration of 22 licensed occupations. Using an empirical strategy that controls for unobservable characteristics that drive long-distance moves, we find that the between-state migration rate for individuals in occupations with state-specific licensing exam requirements is 36 percent lower relative to members of other occupations. Members of licensed occupations with national licensing exams show no evidence of limited interstate migration. The size of this effect varies across occupations and appears to be tied to the state specificity of licensing requirements. We also provide evidence that the adoption of reciproc...
November 2016Changing Patterns of Geographic Mobility and the Labor Market for Young Adults
with Sam Schulhofer-Wohl
in Youth Labor Markets, David Card, organizer
 
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