NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Chaoran Chen

York University
4700 Keele St.
Toronto, ON M3J 1P3
Canada

E-Mail: EmailAddress: hidden: you can email any NBER-related person as first underscore last at nber dot org

NBER Working Papers and Publications

November 2017The Effects of Land Markets on Resource Allocation and Agricultural Productivity
with Diego Restuccia, Raül Santaeulàlia-Llopis: w24034
We assess the effects of land markets on misallocation and productivity by exploiting policy-driven variation in land rentals across time and space arising from a large-scale land certification reform in Ethiopia, where land remains owned by the state. Our main finding from detailed micro panel data is that land rentals substantially reduce misallocation and increase agricultural productivity. Our evidence builds from an empirical difference-in-difference strategy, an instrumental variable approach, and a calibrated quantitative macroeconomic framework with heterogeneous household-farms that replicates—without targeting—the empirical effects. These effects are nonlinear—impacting more farms farther away from efficient operational scale, consistent with our theory. Using our model, we find ...
 
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