Accounting for Recent Declines in Employment Rates among the Working-Aged Disabled
During the 1990s, while overall employment rates for working-aged men and women either remained roughly constant (men) or rose (women), employment rates for the disabled fell. During the same period the fraction of the working-aged population receiving Social Security Disability Insurance (DI) benefits increased quite dramatically. We present simple time series and cross-state evidence suggesting that the growth in the DI program can account for much of the decline in the relative employment position of the disabled.
Bound, John and Timothy Waidmann. "Accounting For Recent Declines In Employment Rates Among The Working-aged Men And Women With Disabilities," Journal of Human Resources, 2002, v37(2,Spring), 231-250.