TY - JOUR
AU - Hutchinson, James M
AU - Lo, Andrew W
AU - Poggio, Tomaso
TI - A Nonparametric Approach to Pricing and Hedging Derivative Securities Via Learning Networks
JF - National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series
VL - No. 4718
PY - 1994
Y2 - April 1994
DO - 10.3386/w4718
UR - http://www.nber.org/papers/w4718
L1 - http://www.nber.org/papers/w4718.pdf
N1 - Author contact info:
Andrew W. Lo
MIT Sloan School of Management
100 Main Street, E62-618
Cambridge, MA 02142
Tel: 617/253-0920
Fax: 781/891-9783
E-Mail: alo-admin@mit.edu
AB - We propose a nonparametric method for estimating the pricing formula of a derivative asset using learning networks. Although not a substitute for the more traditional arbitrage-based pricing formulas, network pricing formulas may be more accurate and computationally more efficient alternatives when the underlying asset's price dynamics are unknown, or when the pricing equation associated with no-arbitrage condition cannot be solved analytically. To assess the potential value of network pricing formulas, we simulate Black-Scholes option prices and show that learning networks can recover the Black-Scholes formula from a two-year training set of daily options prices, and that the resulting network formula can be used successfully to both price and delta-hedge options out-of-sample. For comparison, we estimate models using four popular methods: ordinary least squares, radial basis function networks, multilayer perceptron networks, and projection pursuit. To illustrate the practical relevance of our network pricing approach, we apply it to the pricing and delta-hedging of S&P 500 futures options from 1987 to 1991.
ER -