NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Bringing Satellite-Based Air Quality Estimates Down to Earth

Meredith Fowlie, Edward A. Rubin, Reed Walker

NBER Working Paper No. 25560
Issued in February 2019
NBER Program(s):Children, Environment and Energy Economics, Public Economics

We use state-of-the-art, satellite-based PM2.5 estimates to assess the extent to which the EPA's existing, monitor-based measurements over- or under-estimate true exposure to PM2.5 pollution. Treating satellite-based estimates as truth implies a substantial number of "policy errors"—over-regulating areas that comply with air quality standards and under-regulating other areas that appear to violate standards. We investigate the health implications of these apparent errors and highlight the importance of accounting for prediction error in satellite-based estimates. Uncertainty in "policy errors" increases substantially when we account for these underlying prediction errors.

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Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w25560

Published: Meredith Fowlie & Edward Rubin & Reed Walker, 2019. "Bringing Satellite-Based Air Quality Estimates Down to Earth," AEA Papers and Proceedings, vol 109, pages 283-288.

 
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