The FinTech Opportunity
This paper assesses the potential impact of FinTech on the finance industry, focusing on financial stability and access to services. I document first that financial services remain surprisingly expensive, which explains the emergence of new entrants. I then argue that the current regulatory approach is subject to significant political economy and coordination costs, and therefore unlikely to deliver much structural change. FinTech, on the other hand, can bring deep changes but is likely to create significant regulatory challenges.
This paper was prepared for the 2016 Annual Conference of the BIS. I am grateful to my discussants Martin Hellwig and Ross Levine, and to Kim Schoenholtz, Anat Admati, Stephen Cecchetti, François Véron, Nathalie Beaudemoulin, Stefan Ingves, Raghu Rajan, Viral Acharya, Philipp Schnabl, Bruce Tuckman, and Sabrina Howell for stimulating discussions and/or comments on early drafts. The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.