The Slowdown in the Economic Assimilation of Immigrants: Aging and Cohort Effects Revisited Again
This paper examines the evolution of immigrant earnings in the United States between 1970 and 2010. There are cohort effects not only in wage levels, with more recent cohorts having lower entry wages through 1990, but also in the rate of wage growth, with more recent cohorts experiencing less economic assimilation. The slowdown in assimilation is partly related to a concurrent decline in the rate at which the new immigrants add to their human capital stock, as measured by English language proficiency. The data also suggest that the rate of economic assimilation is significantly lower for larger national origin groups.
I am grateful to Daniel Hamermesh, Lawrence Kahn, James Smith and Stephen Trejo for valuable comments on an earlier draft of this paper, and to the MacArthur Foundation for financial support. The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research. The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
- Most immigrants arriving after the 1980s had a smaller rate of economic assimilation than those who arrived earlier. In The Slowdown...
George J. Borjas, 2015. "The Slowdown in the Economic Assimilation of Immigrants: Aging and Cohort Effects Revisited Again," Journal of Human Capital, vol 9(4), pages 483-517.