The Pure Theory of Country Risk
This paper attempts to survey, and to put into perspective, recent lterature that has analyzed the nature of credit relations between developed and developing countries.This analysis has made use of recent advances in the economics of information and strategic interaction. Traditional concepts of solvency and liquidity are of little help in understanding problems of soverign debt. Creditors do not have the means to seize the assets of a borrower in default. Hence the borrower who is expected eventually to repay his debts should be able to borrow to meet any current debt-service obligations. A problem that is essential to a theory of international lending is that of enforcement. The difficulty is one of ensuring that the two sides of a loan contract adhere to it, in particular that the borrower repays the lender and the lenders can commit themselves to penalize the borrower if he does not.
Eaton, Jonathan, Mark Gersovitz and Joseph E. Stiglitz. "The Pure Theory of Country Risk," European Economic Review: International Seminar on Macroeconomics, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 481-514, June 1986. citation courtesy of
The Pure Theory of Country Risk, Jonathan Eaton, Mark Gersovitz, Joseph E. Stiglitz. in International Volatility and Economic Growth: The First Ten Years of The International Seminar on Macroeconomics, de Ménil and Gordon. 1991