Married to Intolerance: Attitudes towards Intermarriage in Germany, 1900-2006
We analyze under which conditions intermarriage can be used as an indicator of tolerance, and whether such tolerant attitudes persisted in Germany during the last century. We find strong evidence for the persistence of tolerant attitudes towards intermarriage with Jews. At the same time, our empirical analysis also cautions against using intermarriage as a simple proxy for tolerance: The size of Jewish communities in the early 20th century is an important confounding factor.
The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Nico VoigtlÃ¤nder & Hans-Joachim Voth, 2013. "Married to Intolerance: Attitudes toward Intermarriage in Germany, 1900-2006," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 103(3), pages 79-85, May. citation courtesy of