Non-Production Benefits of Education: Crime, Health, and Good Citizenship
A growing body of work suggests that education offers a wide-range of benefits that extend beyond increases in labor market productivity. Improvements in education can lower crime, improve health, and increase voting and democratic participation. This chapter reviews recent developments on these 'non-production' benefits of education with an emphasis on contributions made by economists.
For comments on different sections of this chapter, I think Gary Becker, David Card, Phil Cook, David Deming, Darius Lakdawalla, Fabian Lange, Jens Ludwig, and participants at the Conference on the Handbook of the Economics of Education in Munich, Germany, and the NBER Economics of Crime Control Conferences in Boston, MA, and Berkeley, CA. This research was generously supported by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Lochner, Lance, “Nonproduction Benefits of Education: Crime, Health, and Good Citizenship,” in E. Hanushek, S. Machin, and L. Woessmann (eds.), Handbook of the Economics of Education , Vol. 4, Ch. 2, Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, 2011 .