Welfare Spending and Mortality Rates for the Elderly Before the Social Security Era
---- Acknowledgments ----
We thank Andrea Balan Cohen, Kei Hirano, Ron Oaxaca, Manuela Angelucci, Shawn Kantor, Michael Haines, John Wallis, Rick Steckel, and two anonymous referees for their helpful comments. We have also benefited from the comments of participants at seminars at the University of Chicago, the University of Arizona, and at presentations at the Western Economic Association, the Eastern Economic Association, Southern Economic Association, and Economic History Association meetings. The views expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.