The Age Discrimination in Employment Act and the Challenge of Population Aging
This paper reviews evidence on age discrimination in U.S. labor markets and on the effects of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) in combating this discrimination. It focuses on the challenge of population aging facing the U.S. economy in coming decades. Combating age discrimination is likely to help in meeting this challenge by encouraging employment of older individuals. But the paper also explores how rapid aging of the population protected by the ADEA might inhibit the ADEA's effectiveness, and raises questions about possible changes in age discrimination policies and enforcement that could enhance the ability of the ADEA to mitigate some of the adverse consequences of population aging.
This research was supported by the AARP. The AARP had no control over its content, for which I am fully responsible. I am grateful to Ronald Edwards for providing information on EEOC enforcement activity, and to Scott Adams, Joanna Lahey, and anonymous reviewers for helpful comments. The views expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
- The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of age. While the original 1967 law...
D. Neumark, 2009. "The Age Discrimination in Employment Act and the Challenge of Population Aging," Research on Aging, vol 31(1), pages 41-68.