NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Paolo Pinotti

Bocconi University
Via Rontgen 1
20136 Milan
ITALY
Tel: +39 02 58365524

E-Mail: EmailAddress: hidden: you can email any NBER-related person as first underscore last at nber dot org
Institutional Affiliations: Bocconi University and and fRDB and also BAFFI-CAREFIN Centre

NBER Working Papers and Publications

December 2018Revealing Stereotypes: Evidence from Immigrants in Schools
with Alberto Alesina, Michela Carlana, Eliana La Ferrara: w25333
If individuals become aware of their stereotypes, do they change their behavior? We study this question in the context of teachers’ bias in grading immigrants and native children in middle schools. Teachers give lower grades to immigrant students compared to natives who have the same performance on standardized, blindly-graded tests. We then relate differences in grading to teachers’ stereotypes, elicited through an Implicit Association Test (IAT). We find that math teachers with stronger stereotypes give lower grades to immigrants compared to natives with the same performance. Literature teachers do not differentially grade immigrants based on their own stereotypes. Finally, we share teachers’ own IAT score with them, randomizing the timing of disclosure around the date on which they assi...
March 2016Organized Crime, Violence, and Politics
with Alberto Alesina, Salvatore Piccolo: w22093
We investigate how criminal organizations strategically use violence to influence elections in order to get captured politicians elected. The model offers novel testable implications about the use of pre-electoral violence under different types of electoral systems and different degrees of electoral competition. We test these implications by exploiting data on homicide rates in Italy since 1887, comparing the extent of ‘electoral-violence cycles’ between areas with a higher and lower presence of organized crime, under democratic and non-democratic regimes, proportional and majoritarian elections, and between contested and non-contested districts. We provide additional evidence on the influence of organized crime on politics using parliamentary speeches of politicians elected in Sicily dur...

Published: Alberto Alesina & Salvatore Piccolo & Paolo Pinotti, 2019. "Organized Crime, Violence, and Politics," The Review of Economic Studies, vol 86(2), pages 457-499.

March 2012Comment on "Can Public Sector Wage Bills Be Reduced?"
in Fiscal Policy after the Financial Crisis, Alberto Alesina and Francesco Giavazzi, editors
 
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