Michael G. Mueller-Smith
Department of Economics
University of Michigan
365C Lorch Hall
611 Tappan Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1220
Institutional Affiliation: University of Michigan
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|July 2018||Violence while in Utero: The Impact of Assaults During Pregnancy on Birth Outcomes|
with Janet Currie, Maya Rossin-Slater: w24802
Evidence about the effects of violent crime on victims is sparse, but is necessary to measure the social costs of crime and the cost-effectiveness of policy interventions in the justice system. We present new evidence about the effects of violent crime on pregnancy and infant health outcomes, using unique linked administrative data from New York City. We compare mothers who lived in a home where an assault was reported during their pregnancies to mothers who lived in a home where an assault took place shortly after the birth. We find that assaults during pregnancy significantly increase the incidence of negative birth outcomes. Our results are robust to the use of alternative control groups and to using maternal fixed effects models. Based on these impacts, we calculate that the social cos...