Universidad Nacional de La Plata - UNLP
Pcia de Buenos Aires
Institutional Affiliation: Universidad Nacional de La Plata
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|October 2019||Poverty Alleviation Strategies Under Informality: Evidence for Latin America|
with Sebastian Galiani, Federico Weinschelbaum: w26339
Strategies based on growth and inequality reduction require a long-run horizon, and this paper therefore argues that those strategies need to be complemented by poverty alleviation programs. With regards to such programs, informality in Latin America and the Caribbean is a primary obstacle to carry out means testing income-support programs, and countries in the region have therefore mostly relied on proxy means testing mechanisms. This paper studies the relative effectiveness of these and other mechanisms by way of a formal model in which workers choose between job opportunities in the formal and informal sectors. Although the means testing mechanism allows for a more pro-poor design of transfers, it distorts labor decisions made by workers. On the other hand, (exogenous) proxy means testi...
|September 2017||Long-Term Care in Latin America and the Caribbean? Theory and Policy Considerations|
with Sebastian Galiani, Pablo Ibarrarán: w23797
This paper discusses theoretical and practical issues related to long-term care (LTC) services in Latin America. Demand for these services will rise as the region undergoes a swift demographic transition from its currently young population to a rapidly aging one, especially since the region’s aging cohorts are more prone to experience a decline in their functional and physical abilities than elderly people elsewhere in the world. We argue that private insurance markets are ill-equipped to provide coverage to meet the need for LTC, while the amount of personal savings required to afford self-insurance would be prohibitively high. In Latin America LTC may not be an immediate priority, but governments are likely to encourage the development of LTC programs as demand for them steadily grows. I...