Department of Economics
University of Notre Dame
3060 Jenkins Nanovic Hall
Notre Dame, IN 46556
Institutional Affiliation: University of Notre Dame
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|September 2019||The Tall and the Short of the Returns to Height|
with : w26325
We present evidence of height profiles which are common to socioeconomic outcomes ranging from childhood cognitive scores to adult poverty in the US. For males there is little to no variation with height above the mean, but substantive variation below. For females there is also greater variation below mean height, but also in the upper 10 percent of heights. Birthweight and parental height have independent, mediating impacts on the variation of age 7 cognitive scores with adult height. However, the majority of the significant variation of male scores at heights below the mean remains a topic for future research.
|September 2016||Title IX and the Spatial Content of Female Employment—Out of the Lab and into the Labor Market|
with : w22641
Sports participation is a leading environmental explanation of the male advantage in some spatial skills. We exploit the large increase in females’ high school sports participation due to Title IX to test this hypothesis. We relate Title IX induced increases in females’ sport participation to the spatial content of their occupational employment as captured by Dictionary of Occupational Titles codes, and a test of three dimensional spatial rotation. We find little evidence that this increase in sports participation had an impact on either of these measures.
Published: Michael Baker & Kirsten Cornelson, 2019. "Title IX and the Spatial Content of Female Employment—Out of the Lab and into the Labor Market," Labour Economics, . citation courtesy of
|May 2016||Gender Based Occupational Segregation and Sex Differences in Sensory, Motor and Spatial Aptitudes|
with : w22248
Research on sex differences in humans documents gender differences in sensory, motor and spatial aptitudes. These aptitudes, as captured by Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT) codes, predict the occupational choices of men and women in the directions indicated by this research. We simulate that eliminating selection on these skills reduces the Duncan index of gender based occupational segregation by 20-23 percent in 1970 and 2012. Eliminating selection on DOT variables capturing other accounts of this segregation has a smaller impact.
Published: Michael Baker & Kirsten Cornelson, 2018. "Gender-Based Occupational Segregation and Sex Differences in Sensory, Motor, and Spatial Aptitudes," Demography, vol 55(5), pages 1749-1775. citation courtesy of