NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Hansoo Ko

Robert F. Wagner Graduate School of Public Service
New York University
295 Lafayette St., 2nd floor
New York, New 10012

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Institutional Affiliation: Robert F. Wagner Graduate School, New York University

NBER Working Papers and Publications

January 2020The Effects of Income on Children’s Health: Evidence from Supplemental Security Income Eligibility under New York State Medicaid
with Renata E. Howland, Sherry A. Glied: w26639
There is a well-established association between income and child health. We examine the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program, which provides cash assistance to low-income children with disabilities, to assess how this relationship arises. We use a large database of Medicaid administrative records to estimate the causal effects of SSI receipt on children’s health, using a regression discontinuity design that exploits the rule that low-income children born below a birthweight threshold are automatically eligible for SSI. We find that children whose birthweights fall below the threshold are significantly more likely to be awarded SSI. Over the first 8 years of their lives, children with birthweights just below the threshold incur Medicaid expenditures 30% lower than do those born just a...
 
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