Arie Bregman

Bank of Israel

Institutional Affiliation: Bank of Israel

NBER Working Papers and Publications

November 1998The Effects of Capital Subsidization on Israeli Industry
with Melvyn Fuss, Haim Regev: w6788
An industrial policy of subsidizing physical capital investment has been utilized in many countries in order to encourage export growth and spread economic development to outlying areas. For Israel, we possess a unique time series-cross section micro data set that details investment and its associated subsidies by vintage at the level of the individual enterprise for 620 firms. These data provide the means by which an empirical analysis of the effects of the policy of subsidizing capital can be undertaken. We estimate that, for the years 1990-94, this policy has resulted in production inefficiencies ranging from 5% for firms that receive the average level of subsidies to 15% for heavily subsidized firms. We also document the fact that much of the subsidization appears not to have been ...

Published: Bank of Israel Economic Review, Vol. 72 (1999): 77-101.

May 1992The Production and Cost Structure of Israeli Industry: Evidence From Individual Firm Data
with Melvyn Fuss, Haim Regev: w4072
The main purpose of this paper is to present estimates of production and cost functions obtained from using a time-series, cross-section data set pertaining to Israeli industry, We include a detailed list of heterogeneity controls in the specifications which substantially enhances the explanatory power of the models and contributes to our understanding of the nature of Israeli industry. Econometric problems which arise in attempting to estimate production and cost functions from panel data, such as sample selectivity, serial correlation due to unobserved firm effects, and endogeneity are addressed. A surprising finding is the relative inefficiency of large firms listed on the stock exchange. Histadrut and public firms appear to be poor performers in a number of dimensions. Large public fir...

Published: Journal of Econometrics, Annals of Econometrics, vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 45-81, 1995

May 1989High Tech Firms in Israeli Industry
with Melvyn Fuss, Haim Regev: w2969
The main purpose of this study is to characterize and analyze high technology industrial firms in Israel. We are able to advance beyond previous empirical studies of high technology because we have access to a unique individual firm data set, a sample of 670 establishments in Israel for the year 1982. Not only do we have basic production data at the individual firm level, but also each firm's capital stock revalued to 1982 dollars. A technology index is constructed from three technological indicators -- substantial R&D investment, a high proportion of the work force consisting of engineers and technicians, and a high proportion of the capital stock being of recent vintages. This technology index is used to classify firms. The largest concentration of High Tech firms are found in electronic...

Published: "High Tech and Productivity: Evidence from Israeli Industrial Firms," European Economic Review, Vol. 35, pp. 1199-1221, (1991).

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