Public Use Tape on the Aging of Veterans of the Union Army
Military, Pension, and Medical Records, 1820-1949. Version M-5
California, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wisconsin RegimentsThis data comprise a portion of the historical data collected by the project Early Indicators of Later Work Levels, Disease, and Death (EI). The goal of this project is to construct datasets suitable for longitudnal studies of factors affecting the aging process. The primary sample for the Early Indicators project consists of 35,747 white males mustered into the Union Army during the Civil War, and it has collected military, socio-economic, and medical information from several sources on these men throughout their lifetimes. The "Military, Pension, and Medical Records" which is the largest dataset in the EI project, is derived from miliary-related documents housed in the National Archives in Washington, D.C.
The data for this dataset came from three National Archives sources:
The pension records contain information relevant to meeting the legal requirements of pension eligibility. Pension records can include information relating to the history of the veteran, as well as important health and demographic information relating to the military history of the veteran before, during, and after the war. The carded medical records and military service records contain information about the recruits both at the time of enlistment and during their military service.
These data can be linked to the other EI datasets by the recruit's identification number, recidnum.
Both ".Z" and ".zip" files can be uncompressed with winzip. In addition, ".Z" files can be uncompressed using the UNIX uncompress command and ".zip" files can be unzipped with uncompression software. To check ability to uncompress these files, download the small files compress.Z or compress.zip. They give an example of how to read in .Z and .zip ASCII files into SAS for UNIX without decompressing the files. To download files in Internet Explorer, right click on them and select "Save Target As...". If the pdf documents appear to be all blank pages, get the latest Acrobat Reader at www.abobe.com. Note for Stata users: Many observations in the Early Indicators datasets are over three times wider than the maximum width allowed by Stata.
Works referring to the dataset or codebook should contain the following citation:
Fogel, R. W. (2000) Public Use Tape on the Aging of Veterans of the Union Army: Military, Pension, and Medical Records, 1860-1940, Version M-5. Center for Population Economics, University of Chicago Graduate School of Business, and Department of Economics, Brigham Young University.
Compressed file size: The Entire Combined Military Dataset is 2-4 Mb; Carded Medical Records are 2-5 Mb; and the Military Service Records 4-8 Mb. File size depends on data format and compression type. ASCII files are the smallest followed by cport, then por. Pkzipped files are slightly smaller than UNIX-compressed files.
Size of UNIX-compressed Entire Dataset files (Pkzipped files are a Mb or two smaller).
Internal users can obtain the data from a UNIX shell at /homes/data/milpen or on an NBER PC via Network Neighborhood --> NBER --> home --> data --> milpen
The data is available as ASCII, SAS cport, or SPSS por files; as the Entire Dataset or broken into three Sections by recruit's state of enlistment; and UNIX-compressed or Pkzipped.
Contact Jean Roth firstname.lastname@example.org with questions, comments, or suggestions.