New NBER Research

26 November 2014

The Effect of Winning H-1B Visas on Firms’ Patenting and Employment

Employment data show that H-1B workers at least partially replace other workers in the firms that hire them, according to research by Kirk Doran, Alexander Gelber, and Adam Isen. They also find no increase in patenting by firms employing these workers.

25 November 2014

Intrinsic Motivation in Public Service: Theory and Evidence from State Supreme Courts

When judges face less time pressure, they write more well-researched opinions that are cited more often by later judges, according to Elliott Ash and W. Bentley MacLeod’s analysis of judicial decisions in all 50 states from 1947 to 1994. When judges are up for election, performance falls. An intrinsic preference for quality appears higher among judges selected in non-partisan elections than among those selected in partisan elections.

24 November 2014

Long-Run Consequences of Random Disruptions During Exams

Israeli high-school students exposed to air pollution on days when they took high-stakes matriculation exams had lower composite scores, post-secondary educational attainment, and earnings in adulthood than students who were not exposed. In an analysis of testing between 2000 and 2002, Victor Lavy, Avraham Ebenstein, and Sefi Roth find that the largest effects were among boys, better students, and children from higher socio-economic backgrounds.
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