Does Inflation Harm Economic Growth? Evidence for the OECD
NBER Working Paper No. 6062
The purpose of this paper is to study the correlation among growth and inflation at the OECD level, within the framework of the so-called convergence equations, and to discuss whether this correlation withstands a number of improvements in the empirical models, which try to address the most common criticisms of this evidence. The main findings are the following: 1) the negative correlation among growth and inflation is not explained by the experience of high-inflation economies; 2) the estimated costs of inflation are still significant once country-specific effects are allowed for in the empirical model; and 3) the observed correlation cannot be dismissed on the grounds of reverse causation (from GDP to inflation).
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