NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Immigrant Entrepreneurship

Sari Pekkala Kerr, William R. Kerr

NBER Working Paper No. 22385
Issued in July 2016
NBER Program(s):Labor Studies, Productivity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship

We examine immigrant entrepreneurship and the survival and growth of immigrant-founded businesses over time relative to native-founded companies. Our work quantifies immigrant contributions to new firm creation in a wide variety of fields and using multiple definitions. While significant research effort has gone into understanding the economic impact of immigration into the United States, comprehensive data for quantifying immigrant entrepreneurship are difficult to assemble. We combine several restricted-access U.S. Census Bureau data sets to create a unique longitudinal data platform that covers 1992-2008 and many states. We describe differences in the types of businesses initially formed by immigrants and their medium-term growth patterns. We also consider the relationship of these outcomes to the immigrants' age at arrival to the United States.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w22385

Published: Immigrant Entrepreneurship, Sari Pekkala Kerr, William R. Kerr. in Measuring Entrepreneurial Businesses: Current Knowledge and Challenges, Haltiwanger, Hurst, Miranda, and Schoar. 2017

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