NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Valuation Risk and Asset Pricing

Rui Albuquerque, Martin S. Eichenbaum, Sergio Rebelo

NBER Working Paper No. 18617
Issued in December 2012
NBER Program(s):   AP

Standard representative-agent models fail to account for the weak correlation between stock returns and measurable fundamentals, such as consumption and output growth. This failing, which underlies virtually all modern asset-pricing puzzles, arises because these models load all uncertainty onto the supply side of the economy. We propose a simple theory of asset pricing in which demand shocks play a central role. These shocks give rise to valuation risk that allows the model to account for key asset pricing moments, such as the equity premium, the bond term premium, and the weak correlation between stock returns and fundamentals.

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This paper was revised on June 22, 2015

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w18617

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