NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Child Care in Poor Communities: Early Learning Effects of Type, Quality, and Stability

Susanna Loeb, Bruce Fuller, Sharon Lynn Kagan, Bidemi Carrol, Judith Carroll

NBER Working Paper No. 9954
Issued in September 2003
NBER Program(s):   ED   CH

Young children in poor communities are spending more hours in non-parental care due to policy reforms and expansion of early childhood programs. Studies show positive effects of high-quality center-based care on children's cognitive growth. Yet we know little about the effects of center care typically available in poor communities or the effects of home-based care. Using a sample of children age 12 to 42 months when their mothers entered welfare-to-work programs, this paper finds positive cognitive effects for children in center care. Children also display stronger cognitive growth when caregivers are more sensitive and responsive, and stronger social development when providers have education beyond high school. Children in family child care homes show more behavioral problems but no cognitive differences.

download in pdf format
   (305 K)

email paper

This paper is available as PDF (305 K) or via email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w9954

Published: Loeb, Susanna Bruce Fuller, Sharon Lynn Kagan, and Bidemi Abioseh Carrol. “Child Care in Poor Communities: Early Learning Effects of Type, Quality and Stability." Child Development (January/February 2004).

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Herbst and Tekin w17774 Child Care Subsidies, Maternal Well-Being, and Child-Parent Interactions: Evidence from Three Nationally Representative Datasets
Heckman, Moon, Pinto, Savelyev, and Yavitz w16238 Analyzing Social Experiments as Implemented: A Reexamination of the Evidence From the HighScope Perry Preschool Program
Heckman, Moon, Pinto, Savelyev, and Yavitz w16180 A New Cost-Benefit and Rate of Return Analysis for the Perry Preschool Program: A Summary
Lemke, Witte, Queralt, and Witt w7583 Child Care and the Welfare to Work Transition
Herbst and Tekin w14474 Child Care Subsidies and Child Development
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us