NBER Working Papers and Publications
|December 2005||How Much is Too Much? The Influence of Preschool Centers on Children's Social and Cognitive Development|
with Susanna Loeb, Margaret Bridges, Russ Rumberger, Daphna Bassok: w11812
Previous research has demonstrated that attending center care is associated with cognitive benefits for young children. However, little is known about the ideal age for children to enter such care or the "right" amount of time, both weekly and yearly, for children to attend center programs. Using national data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS-K), this paper asks whether there are optimal levels of center care duration and intensity and whether these levels vary by race or income. We consider pre-reading and math skills as measured by assessments administered at the beginning of kindergarten, as well as teacher-reported social-behavioral measures. We find that on average attending center care is associated with positive gains in pre-reading and math skills, but negative soc...
Published: Loeb, Susanna, Margaret Bridges, Daphna Bassok, Bruce Fuller and Russell W. Rumbergerd. "How much is too much? The influence of preschool centers on children's social and cognitive development." Economics of Education Review 26, 1 (February 2007): 52-66. citation courtesy of
|September 2003||Child Care in Poor Communities: Early Learning Effects of Type, Quality, and Stability|
with Susanna Loeb, Sharon Lynn Kagan, Bidemi Carrol, Judith Carroll: w9954
Young children in poor communities are spending more hours in non-parental care due to policy reforms and expansion of early childhood programs. Studies show positive effects of high-quality center-based care on children's cognitive growth. Yet we know little about the effects of center care typically available in poor communities or the effects of home-based care. Using a sample of children age 12 to 42 months when their mothers entered welfare-to-work programs, this paper finds positive cognitive effects for children in center care. Children also display stronger cognitive growth when caregivers are more sensitive and responsive, and stronger social development when providers have education beyond high school. Children in family child care homes show more behavioral problems but no cogni...
Published: Loeb, Susanna Bruce Fuller, Sharon Lynn Kagan, and Bidemi Abioseh Carrol. “Child Care in Poor Communities: Early Learning Effects of Type, Quality and Stability." Child Development (January/February 2004).