NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Women as Policy Makers: Evidence from a India-Wide Randomized Policy Experiment

Raghabendra Chattopadhyay, Esther Duflo

NBER Working Paper No. 8615
Issued in December 2001
NBER Program(s):   CH   PE

This paper uses political reservations for women in India to study the impact of women's leadership on policy decisions. In 1998, one third of all leadership positions of Village Councils in West Bengal were randomly selected to be reserved for a woman: in these councils only women could be elected to the position of head. Village Councils are responsible for the provision on many local public good in rural areas. Using a data set we collected on 165 Village Councils, we compare the type of public goods provided in reserved and unreserved Villages Councils. We show that women invest more in infrastructure that is directly relevant to the needs of rural women (water, fuel, and roads), while men invest more in education. Women are more likely to participate in the policy-making process if the leader of their village council is a woman.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w8615

Published: Chattopadhyay, Raghabendra and Esther Duflo. "Women as Policy Makers: Evidence from a India-Wide Randomized Policy Experiment." Econometrica 72, 5 (2004): 1409- 1444.

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