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NBER Working Papers and Publications
|March 2012||Improving Police Performance in Rajasthan, India: Experimental Evidence on Incentives, Managerial Autonomy and Training|
with Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, Daniel Keniston, Nina Singh: w17912
The role of good management practices in organizations has recently been emphasized. Do the same principles also apply in government organizations, even the most bureaucratic and hierarchical of them? And can skilled, motivated managers identify how to improve these practices, or is there a role for outsiders to help them in this task? Two unique large-scale randomized trials conducted in collaboration with the state police of Rajasthan, India sought to increase police efficiency and improve interactions with the public. In a sample of 162 police stations serving almost 8 million people, the first experiment tested four interventions recommended by police reform panels: limitations of arbitrary transfers, rotation of duty assignments and days off, increased community involvement, and on-du...
|July 2008||Powerful Women: Does Exposure Reduce Bias?|
with Lori A. Beaman, Esther Duflo, Rohini Pande, Petia Topalova: w14198
We exploit random assignment of gender quotas across Indian village councils to investigate whether having a female chief councillor affects public opinion towards female leaders. Villagers who have never been required to have a female leader prefer male leaders and perceive hypothetical female leaders as less effective than their male counterparts, when stated performance is identical. Exposure to a female leader does not alter villagers' taste preference for male leaders. However, it weakens stereotypes about gender roles in the public and domestic spheres and eliminates the negative bias in how female leaders' effectiveness is perceived among male villagers. Female villagers exhibit less prior bias, but are also less likely to know about or participate in local politics; as a result, th...
Published: Lori Beaman & Raghabendra Chattopadhyay & Esther Duflo & Rohini Pande & Petia Topalova, 2009.
"Powerful Women: Does Exposure Reduce Bias?,"
The Quarterly Journal of Economics,
MIT Press, vol. 124(4), pages 1497-1540, November.
citation courtesy of
|December 2001||Women as Policy Makers: Evidence from a India-Wide Randomized Policy Experiment|
with Esther Duflo: w8615
This paper uses political reservations for women in India to study the impact of women's leadership on policy decisions. In 1998, one third of all leadership positions of Village Councils in West Bengal were randomly selected to be reserved for a woman: in these councils only women could be elected to the position of head. Village Councils are responsible for the provision on many local public good in rural areas. Using a data set we collected on 165 Village Councils, we compare the type of public goods provided in reserved and unreserved Villages Councils. We show that women invest more in infrastructure that is directly relevant to the needs of rural women (water, fuel, and roads), while men invest more in education. Women are more likely to participate in the policy-making process ...
Published: Chattopadhyay, Raghabendra and Esther Duflo. "Women as Policy Makers: Evidence from a India-Wide Randomized Policy Experiment." Econometrica 72, 5 (2004): 1409- 1444.