NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

A Framework to Compare Environmental Policies

Don Fullerton

NBER Working Paper No. 8420
Issued in August 2001
NBER Program(s):   PE   EEE

This paper builds a single model that can be used to show efficiency and distributional effects of eight different types of environmental policies (including taxes, subsidies, regulations, permits, and legal liability). All eight approaches can be designed to have the same efficiency effects, even while they have different distributional effects. For further evaluation of these policies, the paper discusses other criteria outside the simple model (including administrative efficiency, enforcement capabilities, and political feasibility). The paper ends with a discussion of likely trade-offs among these often-competing objectives of environmental policy.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w8420

Published: Fullerton, Don. "A Framework To Compare Environmental Policies," Southern Economic Journal, 2001, v68(2,Oct), 224-238. citation courtesy of

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