The Environmental Kuznets Curve: Exploring A Fresh Specification
David F. Bradford, Rebecca Schlieckert, Stephen H. Shore
NBER Working Paper No. 8001
Using a new specification, we reanalyze the data on worldwide environmental quality investigated by Gene Grossman and Alan Krueger in a well-known paper on the environmental Kuznets curve (which postulates an inverse U shaped relationship between income level and pollution). The new specification enables us to draw conclusions from fixed effects estimation. In general, we find support for the environmental Kuznets curve for some pollutants and for its rejection in other cases. The fresh specification offers some promise for analysis of such phenomena.
Published: Bradford, David F., Rebecca A. Fender, Stephen H. Shore, and Martin Wagner (2005) "The Environmental Kuznets Curve: Exploring a Fresh Specification," Contributions to Economic Analysis & Policy: Vol. 4: Iss. 1, Article 5. (B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy)