NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Market Forces and Sex Discrimination

Judith K. Hellerstein, David Neumark, Kenneth R. Troske

NBER Working Paper No. 6321
Issued in December 1997
NBER Program(s):   LS

We report new evidence on the existence of sex discrimination in wages and whether competitive market forces act to reduce or eliminate discrimination. Specifically, we use plant- and firm-level data to examine the relationships between profitability, growth and ownership changes, product market power, and the sex composition of a plant's or firm's workforce. Our strongest finding is that among plants with high levels of product market power, those that employ relatively more women are more profitable. No such relationship exists for plants with apparently low levels of market power. This is consistent with sex discrimination in wages in the short run in markets where plants have product market power. We also examine evidence on the longer-run effects of market forces on discrimination, asking whether discriminatory employers with market power are punished over time through lower growth than non-discriminatory employers, or whether discriminatory employers are bought out by non-discriminators. We find little evidence that this occurs over a five-year period, as growth and ownership changes for plants with market power are generally not significantly related to the sex composition of a plant's workforce.

download in pdf format
   (1737 K)

email paper

This paper is available as PDF (1737 K) or via email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w6321

Published: Hellerstein, Judith K., David Neumark, and Kenneth Troske. “Market Forces and Sex Discrimination." Journal of Human Resources (Spring 2002): 353-380. citation courtesy of

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Black and Brainerd w9110 Importing Equality? The Impact of Globalization on Gender Discrimination
Blau and Kahn w7732 Gender Differences in Pay
Neumark and Stock w8215 The Effects of Race and Sex Discrimination Laws
Neumark w4260 Sex Discrimination and Women's Labor Market Interruptions
Blau and Kahn w8200 Understanding International Differences in the Gender Pay Gap
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us